The Japanese Government extends official development assistance (ODA)
to developing countries to support self-help efforts that will lead to
economic progress and a better life for the citizens of those countries.
Under the ODA programme, the Japan International Cooperation Agency
(JICA) has implemented Japan's technical cooperation by conducting
several activities such as training, dispatch of experts, provision of
equipment, project-type technical cooperation, development study, dispatch
of cooperation volunteers (JOCV), survey and administration of capital grant
aid programmes.
Among them, training programme for overseas participants is one of JICA's
fundamental technical cooperation activities for developing countries, and
JICA has entrusted the management of "Sewage Works Engineering II"
Course to Sewage Business Management Center, SBMC since 1999. The
Training Insutitions of this course are Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and
Transport (MLIT) and Japan Sewage Works Agency (JS) besides SBMC,
and SBMC has been managing the course in close cooperation with MLIT
and JS.
Beside Sewage Works Engineering Course, there are several training
courses relating sewage works, which are implemented by JICA.
They are
1. Stormwater Draining Technology with Sewerage System II by Osaka
City
2. Operation and Maintenance of Sewerage Facilities by Sapporo City
3. Domestic Wastewater Management for Central America by
Higashihiroshima City
4. Domestic Wastewater Treatment Technique by Kitakyusyu City
5. Operation and Maintenance of Sewerage Works by Tokyo
Metropolitan Government
In 2004, it was decided that Sewage Works Engineering Course managed
by SBMC and above-mentioned training courses, Stormwater Draining
Technology with Sewerage System II managed by Osaka City were
merged into new JICA Training Course, "Sewage Works Engineering and
Stormwater Drainage Technology" from 2005, as the principal roles of
sewerage system are Wastewater Collection and Treatment, Water Quality
Preservation, Improvement of Living Condition, and Stormwater Drainage.
The Training Institutions of newly integrated training course are MLIT, JS,
SBMC, Osaka City, and Osaka City Sewerage Engineering Association,
and JICA entrusted SBMC and Osaka City Sewerage Engineering
Association to manage "Sewage Works Engineering and Stormwater
Drainage Technology" Course.